What Is A Groin Pull Injury And How To Treat It
A groin pull is an injury to the muscles (a muscle strain) of the inner thigh. The groin muscles, called the adductor muscle group, consists of six muscles that span the distance from the inner pelvis to the inner part of the femur (thigh bone). These muscles pull the legs together and help with other movements of the hip joint. The adductor muscles are important to many types of athletes including sprinters, swimmers, soccer players, and football players.
When a muscle is strained, the muscle is stretched too far. Less severe strains pull the muscle beyond their normal excursion. More severe strains tear the muscle fibers, and can even cause a complete tear of the muscle. Most commonly, groin pulls are minor tears of some muscle fibers, but the bulk of the muscle tissue remains intact.
What are the Symptoms of Groin Strain?
- Groin pain and tenderness.
Muscles spasm or tightness in your groin muscles.
Pain on a stretch of your groin muscles.
Groin pain during groin muscle contraction – thigh squeeze.
How is Groin Strain Diagnosed?
It is important to accurately diagnoses the source of your groin pain. While groin pain most commonly is associated with a groin muscle injury, you can also experience groin pain from a hernia and other origins.A physical examination from your physiotherapist can usually identify the groin muscle that has been injured. If a hernia is suspected, you may be advised to be assessed by your doctor or a groin surgeon.
MRI and ultrasound investigations can be used to specifically identify the location and extent of a groin injury.
Depending on their severity, groin strains are graded 1, 2, or 3.
Grade 1 – strains are a mild injury.
Grade 2 – strains are a moderate severity injury, which may moderately affect your sporting performance and ability to walk.
Grade 3 – strains are severe and will affect your ability to run, jump and hop. These injuries may require surgical intervention.
A partial rupture of the adductor muscles will often lead to inflammation of the groin or a tendinopathy after the initial rupture has healed.
More detailed information on the best rehabilitation for your groin strain is available from your physiotherapist.
What’s the Treatment for a Groin Pull?
- Ice the inside of your thigh to reduce pain and swelling. …
Compress your thigh using an elastic bandage or tape…
Take anti-inflammatory painkillers. …
To assist tissue healing, your medical provider will guide you in active stretching and strengthening exercises.